Anthrosols have a typical accumulation of organic material in the upper 50 cm, which was added through human activities, i.e. charcoal, household waste, irrigation or cultivation. My favorites are the ‘Plaggic Anthrosols’, formed mostly in sandy soils by adding sods collected from heathland areas (‘plaggen’). These plaggen were put in a special stable to compost and soak up nutrients, called a ‘potstal’. They are common near village centers in the sandy Campine area of Belgium. They also occur in the sandy regions of the Netherlands and Northern Germany.
Epidemic of Facelessness: The anonymous communication social media creates both provokes and mitigates our inherent capacity for monstrosity
(...) Recently Dick Costolo, chief executive of Twitter, lamented his company’s failures to deal with the trolls that infested it: “I’m frankly ashamed of how poorly we’ve dealt with this issue during my tenure as CEO,” he said in a leaked memo. It’s commendable of him to admit the torrents of abuse, but it’s also no mere technical error on the part of Twitter; faceless rage is inherent to its technology.
It’s not Twitter’s fault that human beings use it. But the faceless communication social media creates, the linked distances between people, both provokes and mitigates the inherent capacity for monstrosity.
The Gyges effect, the well-noted disinhibition created by communications over the distances of the Internet, in which all speech and image are muted and at arm’s reach, produces an inevitable reaction — the desire for impact at any cost, the desire to reach through the screen, to make somebody feel something, anything. A simple comment can so easily be ignored. Rape threat? Not so much. Or, as Mr. Nunn so succinctly put it on Twitter: “If you can’t threaten to rape a celebrity, what is the point in having them?”
The challenge of our moment is that the face has been at the root of justice and ethics for 2,000 years. The right to face an accuser is one of the very first principles of the law, described in the “confrontation clause” of the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution, but reaching back through English common law to ancient Rome. In Roman courts no man could be sentenced to death without first seeing his accuser. The precondition of any trial, of any attempt to reconcile competing claims, is that the victim and the accused look each other in the face. (...)
Behmor isn’t some hot tech startup. It’s an established company that’s trying to transform its products for a new age, and it’s doing so with help from another outfit called DADO Labs. This is DADO’s mission: helping existing companies like Behmor get in on the Internet of Things action before hot new startups eat their lunch.
“It’s about helping brands that are being disrupted or could be disrupted the way Honeywell was disrupted by Nest,” says DADO CEO Tom Worley, referring to way the venerable thermostat company was upstaged by home automation startup acquired by Google last year. “We can help them respond quickly, in a few months rather than a few years.”